Below you will find commonly asked questions for Medicine & Surgery of the Foot & Ankle.
A: A Bunion is basically a lump or bump on the side of your big toe. It will cause your big toe to curve towards, or even overlap, your other toes. This actually reflects a deeper problem with the bone. The bump you see is partly due to the swollen bursal sac or an osseous anomaly on the metatarsophalangeal joint.
A: While bunions have soometimes been said to be caused by genetics, it is more likely the problem stems from improper footwear. Shoes that cause your toes to be pressed at an unnatural angle, such as pointed boots or shoes, result in your big toe curving outward, and even overlapping your other toes, over time. Shoes that are incorrectly sized also create this problem, so it is important that you make sure your footwear is the proper size for your foot.
A: Bunions can be treated by a few different ways. The initial treatment is the most obvious: change your footwear. There are also a variety of foot splints, regulators, and separators that are available, over-the-counter, specifically for the treatment of bunions. However, your best option is probably to see a professional and have them assess the extent of the problem, as surgery may be required.